Katib Author of Monumental History books


Ludwig Adamec

Faiz Muhammad, Katib. Member of Amir Abdul Rahman's secretariat and court secretary (kateb) under Amir Habibullah. He was member on the staff of the Seraj al-Akhbar Afghaniya and held positions in the ministries of education and foreign affairs. He is the author of a number of publications, including the three-volume Seraj-al Tawarikh (Torch of Histories), a valuable historical text in Dari.

He was born in 1881, the son of Sayyid Muhammad Moghol, a Hazara, and studied Islamic science in India and Iran. In 1893 he entered the services of Sardar Habibullah, son of Amir Abdul Rahman, and began work on his monumental three-volume history. A fourth volume is said to exist in manuscript form, extant in the National Archives of Afghanistan in Kabul. Faiz Muhammad died in 1931, purportedly from the complications of a severe beating by Habibullah Kalakani who had sent him to bring a document of submission from the Hazarajat.



Third Edition

The Scarecrow Press, Inc.

Lanham, Maryland, and Oxford 2003

Katib in Wikipedia

Historian, writer and intellectual, Faiz Mohammed "Hazara" was among the renown group of Afghans seeking social and political changes in the country, at the beginning of the 20th century. He was a member of what became known as Junbish-i Mashrutyat or The Constitutionalist Movement.

He is the son of Sa'eed Mohammed Hazara of Ghazni province. Born in 1881 AD, Faiz Mohammed is, perhaps best known for his history book of Afghanistan called "Sarajul Tawarikh", which provides one of the best references on the 19th century Afghan history.

The book was written by the encouragement of the court of Amir Habibullah Khan. He was a court clerk, initially, thus the title of Kateb( clerk) in his name. Faiz Mohammed was also the biographer of the Amir. Amir Habibullah Khan imprisoned him in Sherpur for his political activities and his role in the Constitutionalists Movement. But was soon released by the Amir due to their personal friendship and for having labored to author the famous Sirajul Tawarikh. Beside Sirajul Tawarikh (5 volumes), he wrote the following books:

1-Tuhfatul Habib: Afghan History (1747-1880), in two volumes. (The original script, hand-written by Faiz Mohammed, exists in the National Archive in Kabul)

2- Faiz-i az Fayoozat

3- Tazkeratul Enqilaab: accounts of the days of Habibullah, Bacha-e Saqaw

4- History of Ancient Prophets/Rulers, from Adam to Jesus (in Dari)

In 1929, Habibullah, Bacha-e Saqaw, issued a decree on the names of the renown Shiites of Kabul such as Mohammed Ali Jauntier Chandawali, Qazi Shuhaab, Khalifa Mohmmed Hussein, Ustad Gholam Hassan, and Faiz Mohammad Hazara. They were asked to travel to Dai-Zangi and obtain the support of the Hazara populace in that area. But the Hazara people refused to do so, and the Shiite leaders of Kabul city returned without any success.

The disappointed Habibullah then order them punished for failing in their mission. In the result of the brutal beating, Faiz Mohammad Hazara got sick for a few days, but later died on Wednesday (4th-Ramadhan, 1347 of Lunar Calendar)Feberuary 14,1929.

This Great man of dignity fought against ethnic clensing and discrimination in Afghanistan. He seeked and struggled for political reforms.

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